Leg, Ankle & Foot

Abductor & Flexor Digiti Minimi

LA AN Abductor Digiti MinimiLA AN Flexor Digiti Minimi
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Adductor Hallucis

LA AN Leg_Adductor Hallucis
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Dorsal & Plantar Interossei

LA AN Dorsal Interossei
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Extensor Digitorum Brevis & Extensor Hallucis Brevis

LA AN Extensor Hallucis Brevis
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Extensor Digitorum Longus

LA AN Extensor Digitorum Longus
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Extensor Hallucis Longus

LA AN Extensor Hallucis Longus
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Fibularis Brevis

LA AN Peroneus Longus
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Fibularis Longus

LA AN Peroneus Longus
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Fibularis Tertius

LA AN Peroneus Tertius
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Flexor Digitorum Longus

LA AN Flexor Digitorum Longus
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Flexor Hallucis Brevis & Abductor Hallucis

LA AN Flexor Hallucis Brevis
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Flexor Hallucis Longus

LA AN Extensor Hallucis Longus
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Gastrocnemius

LA AN Gastrocnmius 001
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Plantaris

LA AN Plantaris 002
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Popliteus

LA AN Popliteus 002
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Quadratus Plantae

LA AN Quadratus Plantae
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Soleus

LA AN Soleus 001
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Tibialis Anterior

LA AN Tibialis Anterior 001
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Tibialis Posterior

LA AN Tibialis Posterior
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Follow HIP MNRS with every patient encounter – History, Inspection, Palpation – Motion, Neurovascular, Referred, Special Tests

Make sure you have a detailed anatomy understanding and can create a list of potential pain generators (muscle, bone, joint, ligament, cartilage, blood vessels, nerves, viscera & lymphatics) – any competent practitioner should be able to give a detailed list of the anatomy below their hand and the tissues they are stretching, compressing or activating

Clinicians performing regional exams must realize that no one sign is of absolute significance in isolation, each individual finding should be evaluated only in the context of other findings & the patient as a whole; this is particularly important with diagnostic procedures that may result in “soft” signs, which are difficult to reproduce & may have a large subjective bias in their interpretation.

When recording test results it is not enough to write “test-X positive.” Record any findings associated with the test (reproduction of symptoms, pain, muscle guarding, numbness & tingling, decreased flexibility, clicking, etc) – more information results in a more accurate assessment & better treatment. Remember assessment is therapeutic!

To learn more see our text books or take our hands on training seminars